How to Read a Sperm Analysis Report

A semen analysis is a comprehensive fertility test that takes into account several key metrics like sperm count and motility. It’s important to know how to read a sperm analysis report to help you understand the results and make the best decisions about your next steps.

A sperm analysis looks at the volume, count, motility and shape (morphology) of a sperm sample. This article will explain these terms so that you can better interpret your semen analysis results.


A sperm analysis test examines the characteristics of semen and sperm. It can be used to evaluate fertility and also help determine the effectiveness of a vasectomy. The test can be done with a home kit or by a medical professional. The results will vary, as the precise collection techniques and measurement methods can affect the results.

Volume, or the amount of semen that comes out during ejaculation, is one of the most important factors in determining the number of sperms. Semen volume is typically measured in milliliters, and the ideal sperm count is 1.5 million per ml or higher.

Other important factors include sperm motility (the percentage of sperms that are actively moving and able to fertilize an egg), sperm morphology (size and shape), and the pH level and viscosity of the semen sample. Legacy is the only at-home sperm testing kit to offer DNA fragmentation analysis in addition to these five key metrics. This additional analysis is a vital part of evaluating sperm health. The more sperms that are available to fertilize an egg, the better your chances of conception.

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A semen analysis offers more than just a sperm count, and it may include more information about a man’s fertility. Often, it will include a range of different factors that affect a man’s ability to fertilize an egg, and it will also provide clues about what might be causing infertility issues.

A test’s results will provide information about a man’s sperm concentration, motility and morphology, as well as the volume of semen that was ejaculated. Other parameters include the amount of leukocytes, which are white blood cells present in the sample; odor; and viscosity.

The sperm morphology is important because it determines how easily a sperm can get to and fertilize an egg in a woman’s reproductive tract. The sperms must meet a specific set of criteria for several characteristics, including the shape and size of the head and tail. The most common criteria are the WHO and Kruger strict morphology standards. Both criteria require that at least 30% of the sperm have normal morphology. Abnormal sperm shapes can cause problems with fertility. Getting a semen analysis early on can help identify these problems.


During the semen analysis, we determine how many of your sperms move (or are motile) in your ejaculate. Some labs refer to this as the total motile count, or TMC, while others use different terms such as “sperm concentration,” “total swimming sperm count” or simply “sperm count.”

Motility is important because it indicates how many of your sperm are capable of swimming efficiently to fertilize an egg. A normal motility rate is around 40-50%.

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A test result below the normal range can indicate a number of problems, including plumbing issues that could prevent your sperm from getting out of your body or problems with your reproductive organs. It can also indicate that you may have a condition called antisperm antibody syndrome, or ASAs, which can cause your sperm to clump together and reduce their motility.

The good news is that you can improve your sperm health through lifestyle changes and vitamin supplements. By following a healthy diet, avoiding certain medications, and participating in regular physical activity, you can increase your chances of conceiving a child.


When you have a semen analysis done, the morphology of your sperm is analyzed. This includes the size, shape, and neck of your sperms. You want at least 4% of your sperms to be the normal shape – this includes an oval head, a midpiece, and a single tail. Sperm that are abnormally shaped can have difficulty fertilizing an egg.

When evaluating the morphology of sperms, laboratory technicians use special microscopes to assess them. The sperms are then scored based on their ideal head, neck, and tail size and shape. A high score may indicate that you have a healthy sperm sample, while a low score could suggest fertility issues.

There are a number of factors that can impact your sperm morphology, including diet, exercise, smoking, and genetics. However, a low score doesn’t necessarily mean that you can’t have children; it may just take longer than usual to conceive. For that reason, sperm morphology is usually analyzed alongside other parameters, like count and motility. The morphology is also compared to the semen pH, viscosity, and leukocytes.

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Other Parameters

A semen analysis test also evaluates other factors, such as the pH level of the sample and the amount of white blood cells present. In addition, the report will provide a count of sperm and the way they move (motility).

Typically, a doctor will compare these values to a normal range that has been determined through studies. The numbers will help identify if you are healthy or not, but they cannot tell you whether or not you can father a child.

Understanding the results of a semen analysis report and knowing what to look for can make the process of trying to conceive easier. If you have abnormal results, it’s important to speak with a healthcare professional right away.

Many men are hesitant about undergoing semen analysis testing due to concerns about having their manhood judged or religious objections to the collection process. However, it’s essential that they undergo the test so that they can determine if a sperm-related issue is contributing to their infertility problems. This can then be treated with lifestyle changes or vitamin supplementation, improving the chances of conceiving a healthy baby.

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